When parents accommodate their son's anxiety and mistake his ability to articulate himself as rational judgment.
I met "Sean" because he attended my camp for a few weeks one summer. Sean was diagnosed with an inattentive profile of ADHD, he was also intellectually gifted.
Sean exhibited anxiety from a young age which was expressed as negativity and at times, oppositional behavior. (Very common)
What compounded this was the fact that like many intellectually gifted kids, I'm positive Sean had been told how smart he was his whole life. He possessed a level of intellectual arrogance which made it difficult for his same-age peers to relate to him.
Sean's parents admittedly accommodated his anxiety for most of his life. This reached it's "tipping point" in 7th grade when Sean became school avoidant to the extent that he missed almost the whole school year and was put on home-bound instruction.
During the brief time I knew Sean I noticed a pattern that many parents of intelligent/articulate kids fall into:
Sean's parents misinterpreted his ability to construct a compelling argument as rational judgment when in reality it was his way of avoiding anxiety or initial discomfort.
During Sean's time at camp he would complain about camp to his parents. They would take whatever he said as fact without asking me for clarification. In this sense, Sean's parents were still accommodating his anxiety by reacting to his anxious thoughts as facts.
The night before Sean's last week of camp I received an email from his mother saying "due to the functioning levels of the other boys attending camp this week Sean will not be attending."
I can only surmise that Sean told his parents that the other boys were "weird" or we're not functioning at his level and again they took what he said as fact. I figured that was the last time I would ever hear from them.
About two months later Sean's parents reached out to me and wanted feedback about the time I spent with Sean. I shared that I thought it was important for them to keep in perspective that Sean's intelligence and ability to articulate himself does not equate to maturity or rational judgment. I was candid with them that I felt that the week they allowed Sean to skip camp was enabling his avoidance and it would have been helpful to ask me about the other kids, rather than just relying on Sean's perception.
To my surprise they signed Sean up for my social anxiety group that was made up of boys his Sean's age. Again, Sean made it noticeable that he thought he was intellectually superior to the other boys. Eventually he stopped coming.
While Sean's parents thought they stopped accommodating his anxiety, they actually did not. They misinterpreted what he shared with them as rational judgment rather than seeing it for what it was, his anxiety or discomfort. This was compounded by Sean's intellectual arrogance because he thought that he was smarter than the other kids both at camp and in the group.
Sean did have a few outside of school friends and to be honest I think they were more attracted to Sean's expensive "toys" rather than spending time with Sean.
I have come across quite a few families who mistake their son's ability to make a compelling argument as mature & rational judgment. Unfortunately, I find these parents unreachable because they tend to be so enamored with their son's intellect that they have difficulty hearing that their son's perception is often based in anxiety, not reality.
The last point I want to make - I've seen quite a few mental health professionals make the same mistake as Sean's parents because they also misinterpret kids intellect & articulateness as rational judgment.